ROBERT DREW HICKS (1850–1929)
Stoic And Epicurean (1910)
"This volume appears in a series entitled Epochs of Philosophy, and most admirably accomplishes the purpose of a contribution to such a series. The aim of the series is "to present the significant features of philosophical thought in the chief periods of its development", and "to emphasize especially those doctrines which have appeared as effective factors in the evolution of philosophical thought as a whole". To have set forth each system in its historical evolution, following the successive periods within the Stoic and the Epicurean schools, would have been an easier work of exposition and analysis. But the writer of this volume was committed to a different mode of exposition; not that any active process of exclusion was so much involved, but, rather, an all-embracing knowledge of the details of the two systems had to undertake the far more difficult task of exploitation whereby the two systems would be set forth in just such a way as to elicit their significant and permanent features. Therefore we find the four initial chapters, which are devoted to Stoicism, concerned with such problems as I Pantheism, II Psychology and Epistemology, III Moral Idealism, IV The Teaching of the Later Stoics. Similarly, the three following chapters on Epicureanism discuss the subject by means of such problems of the school as V Hedonism, VI The Atomic Theory, VII Epicurean Theology. While the account of the agnostic arguments which Carneades used against Stoicism is especially good, yet the three remaining chapters of the book, VIII Scepticism in the Academy: Carneades, IX Eclecticism, X Aenesidemus and the Revival of Pyrrhonism, seem detached and do not constitute as integral a portion of the body of the work as might have been the case if the views of the adversaries and critics of the Stoics had been incorporated in the previous chapters and merged into earlier discussions; Posidonius, the real maker of later Stoicism, instead of appearing in chapter four, as might have been expected, is relegated to these later chapters and loses in importance by such an arrangement.
A useful chronological table of names and dates from the time of Epicurus's birth to the days of Diogenes Laertius precedes the first chapter, while the last is followed by a select bibliography; a full index brings the volume to a close.
In conclusion, the synthetic nature of this work and the constant endeavor to estimate, and to interpret will secure for it an honored place in the literature of the subject." (George Depue Hadzsits, The Classical Weekly, Mar. 21, 1914)
Lives Of Eminent Philosophers (1925) · Diogenes Laertius ( - 3rd Cent.)
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